Why Colluding With Foreign Governments Is Bad

The XYZ Affair

When incoming – but not yet seated – national security advisor Michael Flynn opened separate negotiations with the Russians in late 2016, he was not the first American to interfere in American diplomacy. That dubious distinction falls to none other than Thomas Jefferson, who nearly landed America in a war with his interference. As vice president, he had no more of a role in government than vice presidents do today.

In the late 1790s, France was once again at war with England. President George Washington and later President John Adams sought to maintain neutrality between these two great European powers, if for no other reason, to avoid having one of them turn their guns on the young American country. With the passage of the Jay Treaty, America resolved a number of conflicts with England, to the great displeasure of the French Directorate. In retaliation, France started harassing American shipping, confiscating ships and detaining sailors. In the Spring of 1797, President Adams sent John Marshall, Charles Cotesworth Pinckney, and Elbridge Gerry to resolve the conflict.

Before they could leave, however, the French envoy Joseph Létombe met with then Vice President Thomas Jefferson. Jefferson served in that capacity because he was the runner-up to Adams in the presidential election. His views were diametrically opposed to those of Adams, who he viewed as sympathetic to England, whereas Jefferson himself as the former ambassador to France was partial to France. In his conversations with Létombe, Jefferson suggested that by dragging their feet in the negotiations, the French government would find more amenable negotiating partners in his own anti-federalist party.

Charles Maurice de Talleyrand

Newly appointed French Foreign Minister Charles Maurice de Talleyrand took this advice to heart, refusing to officially receive any of them until they had paid a bribe and backed loans to the French to support their war against England. This became known as The XYZ Affair, so named for the code names of the three individuals who the corrupt Talleyrand sent to effect the extortion. Marshall’s report of the attempts at bribery inflamed Americans, and Telleyrand and the French were forced to end the attacks and seizures.

Around this time, one Doctor George Logan sailed as a private citizen to Paris and, while making clear that he did not represent the United States, attempted to negotiate directly with the French. The sly foreign minister saw this as an opportunity to get back at President Adams, and timed the resolution of the dispute between the two countries with Logan’s departure.

Jefferson’s earlier meddling and Logan’s naive approaches led Congress to enact what became known as the Logan Act of 1799, which says that no private citizen may engage in direct negotiations with agents of other governments in controversies between them and the United States. Two people have been prosecuted under this act, and nobody has been convicted. Arguably the act itself is unconstitutional because it would impinge on one’s right to free speech. Nevertheless, the interference was unwise, because it could have landed an unprepared America in a war with both England and France.

Vladimir Putin is every bit as sly and corrupt as Talleyrand was. It was foolish for Flynn to engage Putin’s emissaries to subvert the policy of the United States, and it was greedy and foolish of the Trump campaign to allow Putin to interfere with American democratic processes. Our Democracy is more important than any campaign. With President Trump arguing that Americans should not mail in ballots for fear of voter fraud, the larger offense is seeking foreign assistance to win an election. It has come at a steep cost. Americans drubbed out those in Congress who supported France. We should do the same with Republicans today.

The President Is Not A King

July 24th, was the 34th anniversary of United States v. Nixon, in which the Court told the President that he was not above the law, no matter what executive powers he claimed.  Thank goodness they did, because we now know what a whacked out weirdo Nixon was.  Written by the Chief Justice, Amazingly that decision was uanimous where the majority were Republicans.  Watergate was notorious for the abuses of power President Nixon thought he could get away with, and for the way our constitutional system performed.  It took a Republican stalwart the likes of Barry Goldwater to tell President Nixon that he had to go.

Why didn’t this happen with the tremendous abuses of power the current administration has committed?  One answer is that removal from office is an inherent political act, and intentionally difficult.  Put another way, the Democrats are chicken.  They are fearful that the public will shift against them.  It is because they are afraid to lead.  No Democrat is more fearful than my own Congresswoman, Nancy Pelosi.

While it may be the case that President Bush would not be convicted, we will never know.  Too much information has been hidden.  One could not imagine the current Court showing the courage the Burger court showed in 1974.  The current Court has demonstrated a willingness to show such deference to this administration as to anoint this president King George.

War or no war, if we do not protect our civil liberties and protect against fascism, we will lose our freedom.  That has been the major accomplishment of this adminsitration: to strip individuals of their freedom.  To think that the previous president was impeached for a considerably lesser charge while that this one has gone untouched is just shameful.